How to Navigate the Statistics Canada Website

Research and Statistics

This guide contains general information only and is not intended as legal advice. For legal advice, contact a lawyer. (PDF Version, 993 kb, PDF Help)

Dr. Susan McDonald, LLB, PhD Research and Statistics Division, Department of Justice Canada

Federal Symposium, Monday, April 19, 2010
Old City Hall
111 Sussex Drive, Ottawa


National Data on Victims of Crime

2 main sources of national data:

  1. Police-reported data ? Uniform Crime Reporting Survey
  2. Self-reported data ? General Social Survey on Victimization

UCR Data

  • Police-reported data are a very reliable source for measuring trends in serious crime, which have a high likelihood of being reported to police.
  • The Uniform Crime Reporting Survey (UCR) provides data on the number of criminal incidents reported to police, the clearance status of those incidents and information on persons charged. There is some information on victims (age, gender, relationship to accused).
  • Data from the UCR are reported on an annual basis using administrative data sources provided by police jurisdictions from across Canada.
  • Up to 2007, data have been reported by all police across Canada to the Aggregate Uniform Crime Reporting Survey (UCR1).
  • Starting from 2008, data are based on the Incident-Based Uniform Crime Reporting Survey (UCR2).
  • UCR 2.2 has 4 new variables:
    • Organized Crime/Gangs
    • Cyber crime
    • Hate Crime
    • Geo-coding

General Social Survey Data

  • Five cycles of data ? 1988, 1993, 1999, 2004, 2009
  • Population survey
    • provides an important complement to officially recorded crime rates
    • measures both crime incidents that come to the attention of the police and those that are unreported
  • Collects comprehensive information on Canadians
    • experiences of victimization
    • perceptions of crime and the criminal justice system
    • characteristics of the victim, the incident and the perpetrator
  • 8 categories:
    • Violent crime
      • Robbery
      • Assault
      • Sexual assault
    • Non-violent crime
      • Theft of person property
      • Motor vehicle/parts theft
      • Break and enter
      • Theft of household property
      • Vandalism
  • Approx. 25,000 respondents
  • High response rate
  • Allows for estimates at the provincial and rural levels and for major Census Metropolitan Areas (since 1999)
  • Data from the 2004 GSS indicated that 28% of Canadians 15 and older reported being a victim of crime during the past 12 months.
  • Respondents also reported that only about 34% of criminal incidents were actually reported to police.

2009 GSS

  • New sections on Internet victimization, cyber-bullying and crime prevention
  • Face-to-face interviews in the North to improve representativeness

Other Statistics Canada data sources

  • Victim Services Survey
  • Transition Home Survey
  • Homicide Survey
  • Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS)
  • Integrated Criminal Court Survey (ICCS)
  • International Crime Victimization Survey (ICVS)
  • Canadian Census of Population

Statistics Canada Screenshot

Statistics Canada Screenshot

Statistics Canada Screenshot

Statistics Canada Screenshot

Government research

Department of Justice Canada Screenshot

Department of Justice Canada Screenshot

Department of Justice Canada Screenshot

Other data sources

  • RCMP - Our Missing Children Annual Reports
  • Provincial/territorial Child Abuse Incidence Reports
  • Provincial/territorial Attorney General/Public Safety Annual Reports
  • Social Planning Council/United Way/other agency reports
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